Trout are inarguably among the most popular game fish family worldwide, if not the most popular. Perhaps one reason for that fondness among anglers is the myriad lures, flies, baits, and techniques that can be employed in pursuit of these fish. These clever fish can be found anywhere. The type of trout determines the native habitat.
The native habitat for the Brook trout includes territory from Labrador to the Saskatchewan. The Rainbow trout lives on the Pacific slope, from Alaska to California.
Brown trout, on the other hand has made its way into the waters in every US state, except Florida, Arkansas and Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota and Oklahoma. Although it has been reported in some states’ waters, conservation officials say that no actual reports have been received. It can also be found in Canada.
There are several factors to consider when trout fishing.
Know your water – You need to know that you have a healthy population of fish the area that you are fishing. Yu need to know what kind of trout you are targeting as fishing for native trout is completely different from fishing for stocked trout
Fishing with natural bait – The most popular way of fishing for trout is obviously bait. Always try to have a variety of bait, at least two different types of worms and another option. The worms are a definite but the other bait options could include eggs, powerbait or minnows. Some serious rainbow trout anglers will frown upon you using powerbait but with powerbait you can catch a lot of trout quickly. When considering bait think about what is in the environment at the time of year your fishing, as that is what the fish are eating.
Find out what depth the trout are at – Depending on the environment the trout could be anywhere in the water column. Start near the surface and then move deeper and deeper until you are on the bottom. Fishing for trout in summer they tend to move around more on the shorelines, whereas in the winter they can be near the surface or in the middle of the water column.
Fishing Location – Whether fishing from a boat or the shore it is important that you find where the fish are feeding. If you are not having any luck catching the trout where you thought they should be, the move on.
You should not grease your leader when trout fishing as it will not sink enough to make it difficult to retrieve the lure and line from the water. However, if the leader is allowed to float it may cast a shadow that could scare the trout.
Using a dry fly is a great way to secure yourself a trout. Both the current and the pools should both be fished when you are looking to catch a trout. Sometimes you might find it difficult to keep the fly from sinking and dragging due to the different conditions of the current. However, this is something that with practice you will be able to resolve.
When fishing you should cast from one side of the stream so that only the fly floats directly over the fish. If you cast directly upstream then the fly, line and leader could float directly over the fish.
It is crucial to make a good first cast. If the first lure is cast so that it floats over the trout’s private domain then a feeding trout will often strike for it. You should always fish the lower portion of the pool first, even if the trout are rising at the middle or upper ends.
Trout can sometimes be very moody and selective and will definitely test your patience. Sometimes it may be necessary to fish with either fan wing fly or a spent wing fly, or even a fly with less hackle might do the trick for you.
Fishing for and catching trout is a lot of fun hopefully these 10 tips will help you catch a few the next time you are on the river.